How To Prune Plants and Shrubs

Pruners are the must-have tool for every gardener to keep their lawn clean and tidy. Whether you have a garden or growing small bushes at your home, you surely need pruners to stop the unwanted growth of your plants.

If you have more shrubs and perennials in your garden, you might use garden pruners frequently than other garden tools. Hence, you need to consider when to prune a tress or bushes, what precautions to be taken, etc. Also, While pruning plants, you must be aware of how to use them properly. It is because some of the gardens find to use secateurs in a wrong way.

When To Prune Plants and Shrubs?

The pruning time of the plants depends on the type of plant, desired results, and severeness of the pruning required. If you are pruning damaged, dead or diseased parts of the plants then it can be done at any time of the year.

when to prune plants and shrubs

Some of the plants and shrubs that blossom in a particular season should be pruned in late winter or early spring before the onset of new growth.

If your plant has dead, diseased, or damaged stems and branches then it is the right time to prune those parts of the plants. By pruning, you can prevent unwanted insects and harbor diseases from harming your precious plants. Proper pruning of plants helps to improve plant health and prevent undesired growth.

If you are a beginner in the pruning field or looking for the best ways on how to prune plants, our detailed instruction guide will help you to know about how to prune plants and bushes.

How To Prune Plants and Shrubs?

To prune those house plants and bushes, you will need sharp scissors or gardening shears. You can start by pruning dead leaves, limbs, and flowers on the plants. Afterward, trim the overgrown branches and stems on the plants to give them a proper shape and health. Let’s categorize the pruning process in two steps:

  • Removing Dead Leaves, Limbs, and Flowers
  • Cutting Back Overgrown Branches and Stems

Removing Dead Leaves, Limbs, and Flowers

1. Start with sharp scissors or garden shears, make sure tools are sharp enough to prune plants otherwise it may harm the plants if not sharp enough. If in case you find dirt on a shear, kindly clean a shears properly, just immerse shears in water by adding a one teaspoon bleach and then dry it with a soft cloth. Using a clean tool can prevent the growth of bacteria or pests.

  • To avoid scratching or injuries to your hands, make use of high-quality gardening gloves suitable for every gardener or DIYer.

how to prune dry leaves

2. If you have unflowered plants then don’t rush to cut them, you can prune them in late winter. Besides, if the plants have blossomed or flowered, wait until they bloom and then prune later. Avoid trimming plants with unopened buds.

3. Look out for leaves and limbs that are discolored, brown, dry, or dead. Now, cut those leaves and limbs at a 45-degree cutting angle. Utilize shears to prune the dead leaves this will help to keep healthy leaves on the plants.

  • If you see a large bunch of leafy areas as dead, it is better to cut the whole branch of dead leaves. just do not cut the main stem and the leaves or stems that appear green.

4. After removing dead leaves, will move toward removing dead flowers. If the plant has blossomed with flowers, look for the flowers that are dead and then remove those flowers. This may look brown, discolored, and limp and when you touch the flowers they seem to be dry. Properly cut the dead flowers from the base of the flower’s head with the help of Most Efficient Hedge Shears.

how to prune flowers on the plants

  • Pruning dead and dry flowers will help to enhance the growth of newer, more vibrant blooms.

Cutting Back Overgrown Branches and Stems

1. Prune half of the longest branch of the plant. Cut the branch in a third of the length with the help of shears. Keep the 45-degree angle while trimming the branches.
If you see any side shoots on the branches at the base of the plants then you can cut those shoots. When pruning, do not cut buds on plants that are new and have not yet blossomed or opened.

2. If any of the branches is unnecessarily long, loose, or crumbling, falling in different parts of the plant, it is better to remove the branches. Unwanted bottom pruning will make the plant grow evenly.
You will need to cut one-third of the unwanted stem length at a 45-degree cutting angle.

3. If you have soft-stemmed home plants like Coleus, Heartleaf Philodendron, and English Ivy then you need to tweak them regularly. Break the tip of the stem with your thumb and forefinger. Tweak the top of the node, this is a growing point where the leaves are attached to the tree.

how to prune plants and shrubs

  • Pinching the stems helps to promote growth as well as to maintain the shape of the plant. It also helps to resist the growth of leggy stems.

4. Avoid over-pruning of the plants, as it can create problems for plant growth. Only cut the parts that need to be prune, it will be better if you prune only 10-20% of the foliage at a time. Don’t cut all the foliage on the plants, leaving some foliage can promote fast growth of the plants.

Read More: How To Stop Weeds In Block Paving

Final Verdict

We hope our easy-to-understand tips help you figure out how to prune plants and shrubs yourself. To make your plants healthy, some people think that not only pruning is necessary, but also proper fertilization and watering of the plants is a necessary step. Pruning should be done properly so plants can grow well. If you find pruning difficult, go to our detailed guide and make pruning easier.

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